Andelot in the heart of History

From the Fort Béveaux exceptional necropolis to the battle in September 1944, including the fundamental Treaty in November 587, Andelot is emblematic of European History. There are plenty of physical reminders such as dolmens, Roman roads, abbeys, monuments. When you admire the size and wealth of the Fort Béveaux necropolis, you can easily think that people were numerous and well organized as early as the Neolithic Age.

The Treaty in 587 is the major event that gave to Andelot a place in History. This text is considered as the first diplomatic document in the French History.

On 28th November in the year of grace 587, Gontran, king of Burgundy, and Childebert II, king of Austrasia, represented by his mother Queen Brunehaut, signed the Treaty of Andelot. The aim of it was to put an end to the civil war between the partisans of the Austrasian Brunehaut and the Neustrian Frénégonde in the Frank kingdom.

This Treaty is therefore the oldest diplomatic document in our history, which content has entirely been preserved. Why don’t they talk more about it in school books?

People in Andelot consider this omission as some injustice which should be repaired. They have recently started celebrating with ostentation this anniversary (conferences, debates, exhibitions, concerts).

The Edith Tank reminds each of us the battle which took place in Andelot during the liberation in September 1944.

It was the most important battle in the Haute-marne department, where Leclerc’s 2nd armoured division discharged the area occupied by 800 German soldiers (more than the number of inhabitants at the time). This battle also allowed the liberation of the neighbouring towns.

The next day in Dompaire, Hitler tried an ultimate counter-offensive in order to stop and destroy the 2nd armoured division. That was the WWII greatest tank battle in France.

The German Panzers were hiding in the forest, they were better equipped and more numerous. Leclerc, having been told, asked the American air-force for some help (the 2nd armoured division was always scoring a bull), that was a fierce defeat for Hitler.

The 2nd armoured division surged in Nancy, Strasbourg, where they pulled the French colours up on the cathedral, as promised in the famous Koufra oath.